nur zur U-Bahn only to underground nur zum Bahn-Regionalverkehr only to regional rail Stand: Februar © Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). nur zur U-Bahn only to underground nur zum Bahn-Regionalverkehr only to regional rail. Stand: Dezember © Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). Printable & PDF maps of Berlin subway, underground & tube (u bahn) with informations about the BVG network map, the stations and the 10 lines & routes.

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Kartographie Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). 1 1. 3 3. dA dA. dB dB. dF. dF Berlin Liniennetz Routemap BVG Call Center: 19 44 9. PDF offizielle Linienfarben des VBB für S-, U- und Regionalbahnen. Bitte im Changeset als Source . (Source:, January 28, ). bezeichnung Berlin bzw. Potsdam. Netz. Legende. S+U-Bahn-Linie. Umsteigemöglichkeit Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) www.s-bahn-

Ride-passes tickets are available in fare classes: Adult and Reduced. Children between the ages of six and 14 and large dogs qualify for the reduced fare. Children below the age of six and small dogs travel free.

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There are senior discounts in the form of an annual ticket. The disability identification card must be in the owner's possession when traveling. These identification cards are cleared through the normal government offices, then fulfilled at a BVG ride-pass non-automated location. Provided either by the Job Center Arbeitsamt for out-of-work residents or by the Sozialamt for people who cannot work or are disabled, the S-Class ride-passes normally restrict travel to the AB zones and must be renewed a new pass downloadd at a non-automated location on the 1st of each month.

Additional passes are available for those which want to bring a bicycle on the public transit system. A bicycle-pass is included in the Student-class ride-pass, which is provided through the universities.

For small dogs which can be carried there is no additional fare requirement. For each "large dog", a reduced fare ride-pass must be downloadd. Tourist ride-passes, all-day, group passes, and season passes include a dog fare. BVG ride-passes are issued for specific periods of time, and most require validation with a stamping machine before they are first used.

The validation shows the date and time of the first use, and where the ticket was validated in code , and therefore when the ticket expires. For example, once validated, an all-day pass allows unlimited use from the time of download to 3: Unlike most other metro systems, tickets in Berlin are not checked before entering tram, U-Bahn or S-Bahn stations.

They are however checked by the bus drivers upon entering. On the tram, S-Bahn and U-Bahn, a proof-of-payment system is used: The passenger may be required to pay on the spot, and is required on the spot to give a valid address to which the relevant fine notice can be mailed it does not have to be in Germany.


On the third incident, the BVG calls the offender to court, as there is now a history of 'riding without paying'. This system was in place by for the E-Plus network, and was one of the first metro systems to allow mobile telephone use; by the late s the other networks could be used as well.

Many of the carriages on the U-Bahn feature small flat screen displays that feature news headlines from BZ , weekly weather forecasts, and ads for local businesses. Most major interchange stations have large shopping concourses with banks, supermarkets, and fast food outlets.

There are several stations, platforms and tunnels that were built in preparation for future U-Bahn extensions, and others that have been abandoned following planning changes.

It is unlikely that this line, which had the working title "U3" will ever be built, so the platforms have been partially converted into a location for events and exhibitions. The line number "U3" has been used to re-number the branch to Krumme Lanke , which had been part of "U1". This segment of tunnel was abandoned in favour of a slightly less direct route in order to provide the former Wertheim department store at Moritzplatz with a direct connection.

This involved the construction of a degree curve of the line between Moritzplatz and Kottbusser Tor stations. This tunnel is separated into three parts, as it was blocked by a concrete wall where it crossed the border between East and West Berlin. Another concrete wall separates this tunnel, which now houses a transformer for an electricity supplier, from the never-completed Oranienplatz Station which is located partially under the square of the same name.

It was completely destroyed in World War II. It had been opened in and was renamed Osthafen in Today, only struts on the viaduct remain to indicate its location. Also its location was directly on the border between the Soviet and American sectors. Today, nothing remains of the station as a third track siding was constructed in its place.

The other U10 platforms remain unused and are not generally open to the public. This tunnel was built concurrently with a pedestrian subway and was also intended for the planned extension of the U1.

The tunnel section, approximately 60 metres long, ends at the location of the planned Messe station adjacent to Berlins central bus station ZOB. The tunnel is used as a storage area for theater props. The unused platform sides are fenced off. The finished U5 tunnel section which leads off towards Tegel airport is now used for firefighting exercises. Berlin's chronic financial problems make any expansion not mandated by the Hauptstadtvertrag —the document that regulates the necessary changes to the city as the capital of Germany—unlikely.

Furthermore, there is still great rivalry for construction money between the U-Bahn and the S-Bahn. After the construction boom that followed the reunification of the city, enthusiasm for further growth has cooled off; many people feel that Berlin's needs are adequately met by the present U- and S-Bahn.

There are several long-term plans for the U-Bahn that have no estimated time of completion, most of which involve closing short gaps between stations, enabling them to connect to other lines. This would depend on demand, and new developments in the vicinity.

The U5 extension—known as the Kanzlerlinie chancellor's line , as it will run through the government quarter—is planned to go through Rotes Rathaus , along Unter den Linden and the Pariser Platz , terminating at Berlin Hauptbahnhof.

There has been a discussion whether the U7 should be extended to the Berlin-Brandenburg Airport , but these plans had already been shelved as the expected patronage was not deemed high enough to justify such an expansion.

The first trains were based on trams ; they have a width of 2. To accommodate greater passenger numbers without lengthening the trains—which would require costly extended platforms—trains that ran on lines built after World War I were required to be wider.

Kleinprofil trains are 2. In contrast to the earlier test vehicles, seating was placed along the walls, facing inward, which was considered more comfortable.

Berlin U-Bahn

Until , U-Bahn trains had smoking compartments and third-class carriages. The trains were first updated in ; A-II carriages were distinguished by only having three windows, and two sliding doors. Following reunification, the A3 type was again upgraded as the A3L92, the first Kleinprofil type to use AC induction motors. From , new IK-type trains will enter service to replace the remaining examples of type A3L Designated B-I, the cars were Upgraded B-II trains were introduced in , and continued to be used until The first U-Bahn trains to use aluminium in their construction, the C-IV types, were introduced in Many C-type trains were seized by Soviet forces in , to be used in the Moscow Metro.

Difficulties there in trying to develop an E series of trains led, in , to the conversion of S-Bahn type trains for use on the E line. These E-III trains were desperately needed at the time to allow modified Kleinprofil trains to return to the increasingly busy A line but, following reunification, high running costs led to their retirement in In West Berlin, the successor to the D-type was the F-type, which debuted in They varied from other models in having seats that were perpendicular to the sides of the train; from , they also became the first U-Bahn trains to use three-phase electricity.

In , the original seating arrangement returned as the H series took up service. H-type trains are characterised by the interconnection of carriages throughout the length of the train; and they can only be removed from the tracks at main service depots.

Depots of the Berlin U-Bahn fall into one of two classes: The main workshops are the only places where trains can be lifted from the tracks; they are used for the full inspections required every few years, and for any major work on trains. The service workshops only handle minor repairs and maintenance, such as replacing windows, or removing graffiti. It has 17 tracks—2 for the main workshop, and 15 for the service workshop—but its inner-city location prevents any further expansion.

In the past, there were other workshops. The division of the U-Bahn network on 13 August forced its closure, although it was reopened in as a storage depot. The Berlin U-Bahn ranks among the safest modes of transport: The most severe accident occurred at the original Gleisdreieck rail triangle , where the main and branch lines were connected by switches that allowed the tracks to cross.

On 26 September , a train driver missed a stop signal.


As a result, two trains collided at the junction, and one fell off the viaduct. The accident killed eighteen people, and severely injured another twenty-one. Gleisdreieck 's triangular layout had already been deemed unsuitable for future developments; this incident—and a later, less-serious one—triggered its reconstruction as a multi-level station, starting in On 30 June , a train with brake failure stopped on the G line—today's U9—between Zoologischer Garten and Hansaplatz.

Unaware of the faulty train, a mechanic working at the Zoologischer Garten signal tower noticed that the signal for the affected section had been set to "Stop" for a long time.

Thinking it was a fault of his, after several attempts he manually overrode the signal, in defiance of regulations that strictly prohibited such actions. The following train, which had been waiting at Zoologischer Garten , then left the station on the same track.

With emergency brakes unable to prevent the accident, the two trains collided. One passenger was killed in the crash, and 97 were injured.

Fires can be particularly dangerous and damaging within an underground system. The single exit of the station was unreachable, forcing the passengers to run through the tunnel to reach the next emergency exit.

The fire also damaged the station, which remained closed until that September. As a consequence of the Deutsche Oper incident, BVG decided to post an employee at every station with only one exit until a second exit could be built. Many stations are built this way; meeting those demands would place a heavy financial burden on both the BVG and the city.

The U6 saw a particularly costly, though casualty-free, incident on 25 March Needing to pass several stop signals on the shuttle service, the driver had been given special instructions how to proceed. Unfortunately, he ignored the signal at the entry to Kurt-Schumacher-Platz, and ploughed into the side of a train heading back to Alt-Mariendorf.

The impact wrecked both trains, and caused considerable damage to the tracks. Normal service did not resume for two days, and the removal of the two wrecked trains—which, surprisingly, could still roll along the tracks—also took nearly 48 hours. The Berlin U-Bahn has appeared in numerous films and music videos. Offering access to stations, tunnels, and trains, the BVG cooperates with film-makers, although a permit is required.

Whether set in Berlin or elsewhere, the U-Bahn has had at least a minor role in a large number of movies and television programmes, including Emil and the Detectives , Otto — Der Film , Peng! The previously unused Reichstag station was used to shoot scenes of the movies Resident Evil and Equilibrium. The film's scenes feature a recreation of the station as it was in —rather darker and dirtier than in the 21st century.

This page was neyz edited on 21 Augustat. Lines bvg netzplan in Isolated operation nftzplan Berlin Wall was bvg netzplan.

Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt Am Main Date: On 31 August a few permanent bvg netzplan to the line routes were bvg netzplan. Lines S41 and S42 continuously circle around the Ringbahnthe former clockwise, bvg netzplan latter anti-clockwise. It is planned to extend the U7 in the north-west to Staaken. This Pin was discovered by Wettie.

Although the network spanned all sectors, and residents had freedom of movement, West Berliners increasingly avoided the Soviet sector berin, fromloudspeakers on the trains gave warnings when approaching the border, where passage of East Germans into the Western sectors also became subject gvg restrictions berlin u-bahn netzplan by their government.

In Decemberthese were concluded with Allied consent to the agreement between the Deutsche Reichsbahn and the Berlin Senate for the transfer of operating rights of bvg netzllan S-Bahn in the area bgv Bvg netzplan Berlin. The validation shows the date and time of the first use, and where the ticket was validated in codeand therefore when the ticket expires. Vermont — Eisenbahnnetz — alle Strecken als durchgehende Linien gezeichnet. Zusammenfassend passt das in dieser Arbeit vorgestellte Modell das Angebot automatisch an die Nachfrage an.

Das Modell kann dabei nicht nur Busnetze von grundauf neu gestalten sondern auch bestehende Angebote in ihrer Nachhaltigkeit testen und hinsichtlich der Angebotsfrequenz, Betriebszeit und Route weiter optimieren. Die Optimierung ist dabei in eine verhaltensbasierte Multi-Agenten-Simulation eingebettet. The success of a public transport system highly depends on its network design. When transport companies try to optimize a line with respect to running costs there is also the demand to be taken into consideration.

The best cost structure will not be sustainable if potential customers leave the system and opt for alternatives like private cars.

The basic problem to solve is to find sustainable transit lines which offer the best service possible for the customer. More specifically - The demand side of the customers asks for direct hassle-free connections. Examples of a market-oriented and moreover self-organizing public transport system are informal public transit systems around the world. These services are often referred to as paratransit.

Despite the great importance of this transport mode it is mainly unsubsidized and only relies on the collected fares.

Thus, the knowledge on paratransit and its ability to identify and fill market niches with self-supporting transit services provides an interesting approach to solve the network design problem of a formal public transit company. Accordingly, the following three objectives are treated in the thesis: 1.In April , as a result of growing tension between the Soviet and the Western Allied occupying powers, West Berlin was closed off from the surrounding Soviet sector.

The Berlin S-Bahn Handbook. Like the MetroTram tram routes, these MetroBus routes can be recognised by an M prefix to their route number.

In , the BVG cooperated with design students in a project to create underwear with an U-Bahn theme, which, in English, they named "Underwear". Kleinprofil trains are 2. Members of international metro organizations. One night bus runs parallel to each U-Bahn line during the weektime closing hours. Common station wagon taxicabs include Mercedes-Benz C-Class. Regional rail lines provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea.

Its construction is expected to be completed by